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Blind/Visually Impaired

 If student exhibits one or more of these signs of possible eye trouble, professional eye care should be sought. After a child has had an evaluation by an eye doctor with a diagnosis of a visual impairment, the teacher of the visually impaired may be consulted concerning the referral process.

Possible Indicators of Vision Loss

  • Rubs eyes excessively
  • Shuts or covers one eye
  • Tilts head or thrusts head forward
  • Has difficulty with reading or other close-up work; holds objects close to eyes
  • Blinks more than usual or is irritable when doing close-up work
  • Is unable to see distant things clearly
  • Squints eyelids together or frowns


  • Crossed eyes
  • Red-rimmed, encrusted or swollen eyelids
  • Inflamed or watery eyes
  • Recurring styes (infections) on eyelids


  • Eyes itch, burn or feel scratchy
  • Cannot see well
  • Dizziness, headaches or nausea following close-up work
  • Blurred or double vision

How is the student affected?

  • Limited ability in accessing educational media without modifications
  • Limited ability to access full range of materials or media without accommodating actions (changes in posture, squinting, focal distance, etc.)
  • Variable visual ability due to environmental factors
  • Reduced ability due to visual fatigue
  • See Orientation & Mobility web site for mobility concerns

Next Steps

  • Discuss concerns with parents
  • Review student's past history (academic, medical, etc.)
  • Talk to previous teachers. Talk to counselors
  • Follow school district's referral procedure



For more information:

Josh Nelson
Director of Educational Programs